Enduro Hand and Skin Product FAQs

Disposable Curtains FAQs

A selection of our most Frequently Asked Questions regarding our range of Endurocide® Disposable Curtains

If you haven't found the answer you were looking for, then please contact us and we'll do our best to help!

Can I hang Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains in areas of direct sunlight?

It is advised that Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains are not placed in areas where they are exposed to prolonged direct sunlight.

Although the curtains will still be effective against pathogens, the polypropylene material the curtains are made from is not UV resistant and may suffer accelerated ageing as a result. This will lead to a loss in tensile strength and elasticity of the curtains. This will become visible as “pilling”. This is caused by the fibres in the polypropylene becoming brittle with UV exposure and coming loose from the main fibre chains and breaking down.

This effect is normally only observed after several months in direct sunlight.

Can I leave Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains in-situ when disinfecting with a misting/fogging machine?

No: it is recommended that Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains are taken down when disinfecting with a misting/fogging machine. The peroxide used in such operations may react with the patented formulation and over time reduce the effectiveness against pathogens. The use of peroxide is also likely to affect the labels affixed to the curtains. This will be visible a discoloration of the lettering of the curtain label.

Can I clean or wipe Endurocide® Disposable Curtains?

No: it is not advised to clean any of our curtains by any mechanical means - disposable curtains are designed to be replaced when visibly soiled. Regarding Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains, wiping or cleaning them may affect the performance of the patented sporicidal formulation coated onto the curtain surface. The curtains are designed to kill pathogens in situ and do not require any cleaning to improve function.  When any of our curtains become visibly soiled, they should always be replaced.

How do I know I'm choosing the correct hook for my railing system?

When choosing the type of hook you order with your curtain, it’s important that you order the correct size to fit your railing - and with so many types of railings available worldwide, this is sometimes easier said than done!

There are two ways to help ensure the hook will be suitable for your railing:

  • Hook measurements: take the measurements of your existing hooks.
  • The two dimensions you require are head/glider width (A) and neck width (B).
DIMENSIONS HOOK GLIDER
  • Railing measurements: if available,use the inner measurements of your railing.
  • The two dimensions you require are inner width (X) and channel width (Y).
DIMENSIONS RAILING
  • These measurements will make sure your hook fits in your railing and is neither too big (won't fit) nor too small (will fall out)!
DIMENSIONS RAILING+HOOK

 As a quick guide to our different types of hooks, please see the information below:

Hook Type

Order Code

Image

Head width (A)

Neck width (B)

Suitable for railing system*

QUICK-FIT

QF

 QF 1 S

10.0mm

4.0mm

Silent Gliss 6100

WHEELED

WH

WH 3S

9.5mm

4.5mm

Silent Gliss 6100

LARGE-TOP

LT

 LT 1S

14.0mm

3.0mm

Movatrack 100

WIDE-WHEELED

WWH

 WWH 3S

12.0mm

4.5mm

Movatrack 100

U-TYPE

U

 U 1S

N/A**

N/A**

Marlux Fast-Fit

 If you would like a sample pack of the different hooks we have available, please contact us.

* The railings given are examples of commonly available systems - it is not meant to suggest that this is the only system that these hooks are suitable for use with.
** The X and Y measurements are not applicable to our U-Type hooks as these are designed to fit over the railing.

Will Endurocide® Hospital Curtains work with existing tracking?

Both of our Endurocide® Hospital Curtains will fit most popular track systems as we supply in four different hanging systems:

1: UNIVERSAL EYELETS

Works with existing systems and hooks (no hooks supplied).

  • Sporicidal Curtains have red eyelets
  • Untreated Curtains have white eyelets

2: QUICK-FIT

Comes complete with standard one-piece hooks, designed to fit in most rail systems.

3: U-TYPE*

Designed to fit on existing track systems.

4: WHEELED HOOK*

Includes integral wheels for smoother movement (two widths available)

HANGING SYSTEMS 2

*Available on request - MOQs may apply.

How often do Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains need to be replaced?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been independently tested and shown to offer antimicrobial & sporicidal properties for up to two years after manufacture.

However, due to the nature of polypropylene and the fact that the curtains are designed to be disposable, Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains should be removed after up to 12 months of use in-situ, or earlier if visibly soiled. 

Each hospital will have its own specific protocols and assessments regarding the changing of curtains and these should be adhered to.  We would however recommend that all curtains should be replaced when visibly dirty.

What colours are Endurocide® Curtains available in?

We have six standard colours available for both Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains and Endurocide® Untreated Curtains:

1: Medical Blue     2: Pastel Blue     3: Pastel Green     4: Pastel Yellow     5: Grey     6: Teal

COLOURS 3

Other colours are available for Endurocide Untreated Curtains on request (MOQs may apply). For further information, please contact us.

How should you dispose of used Endurocide® Curtains?

All Endurocide® Curtains are manufactured from 100% recyclable polypropylene.  However, as the curtains are designed to come in contact with potential hospital pathogens, we would recommend that after use, Endurocide® Curtains be disposed of as hospital waste or in accordance with local regulations.

For those customers concerned with the whole life of their products, there is the possibility of incinerating the curtains after use for their calorific value.  Polypropylene has a high calorific value and one full width curtain could potentially generate enough energy to light a standard light bulb for an hour and a half. 

However, any hospital specific protocols or local regulations concerning the safe disposal of clinical waste should always be adhered to.

Are Endurocide® Curtains available in my country?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains have a network of distributors across the globe.

If you would like information on your nearest distributor, or you are interested in becoming a distributor, please click here.

Are Endurocide® Curtains available from the NHS Supply Chain?

Yes: both Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains and Endurocide® Untreated Disposable Curtains are currently available from the NHS Supply Chain in England and Wales.

For further information and links to the NHS Supply Chain website, please click here.

How do you store Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains?

All Endurocide® Curtains should be stored at ambient temperatures (i.e. 25°C max) and out of UV light.

Polypropylene remains stable for at least approximately 12 months (if stored as above), but after this time will start to gradually degrade.  This degradation process will occur at a faster rate in the presence of warm/high temperatures, humid conditions and most importantly in the presence of UV light.

Peer review - American Journal of Infection Control article

This study test the effectiveness of our Endurocide Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains over a 24-month period.

Prepared by Monash Health, Victoria Australia’s largest public health service, the article compared the results of Enduro Antimicrobial and Sporicidal Curtains against a range of multi-resistant microorganisms – including gram positive bacteria, gram negative bacteria, ESBL bacteria, fungi and spores - over a 24 month period. The results were overwhelming -  Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains’s performance against pathogens was found to be as good 24 months after installation as the day they were first hung up!

The article stated:

"Excellent results were achieved for both zone of inhibition and contact inhibition when tested at baseline, 6,12,18, and 24 months with no visible loss of activity. There were cost benefits for replacing standard fabric curtains with the newer formulation (Endurocide) sporicidal and antimicrobial curtains"

The article found further benefits in using disposable curtains compared to traditional fabric curtains:

  • The cost of laundering fabric curtains was more than 50% more expensive than the cost of purchasing and hanging Antimicrobial and Sporicidal curtains for 2 years.
  • Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains improve staff safety as less changes mean staff are only required to climb ladders once instead of 8 times during 2-year period.

To download a copy of this document, please click here

 

What are Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Disposable Curtains?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Disposable Curtains are a new generation in hospital curtains. Using new patent-pending technology, Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Disposable Curtains ensure that each curtain offers protection against bacteria (bacteriostatic & bactericidal) as well as spores (sporostatic & sporicidal).

What makes Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains different to other curtains?

Traditional curtains have the potential to become sources of transmission for Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs). To counteract this, in 2005, we created a disposable curtain that could offer antimicrobial protection. However, the major flaw with the antimicrobial system is that it is unable to have an effect against spores, such as C.difficile, which can survive on surfaces for very long periods of time. This means that even antimicrobial curtains can have the potential to become a source of transmission of HAIs within the hospital.

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains are different to existing curtains on the market because they have been specifically designed to help break the chain of infection and help prevent the spread of HAIs in the hospital, offering a safe to use, long-lasting and powerful curtain capable of killing bacteria, fungi and spores.

Using a patent-pending formula which is only available on Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains, the curtains become an effective barrier to the transmission of infections, by trapping and killing pathogens on the curtain surface in seconds!

How can Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains help reduce the spread of HAIs?

Studies have shown that up to 40% of HAIs can be attributed to the cross infection from the hands of health care personnel, who are contaminated either by direct contact with a patient or indirectly by touching contaminated surfaces1. It has also been shown that contaminated hands can transfer viruses to 5 more surfaces2 or 14 other subjects3

On top of this, pathogens can survive on surfaces for long periods of time, with C.difficile spores and MRSA being shown to survive on surfaces for up to 5 months and 7 months respectively4. It is widely understood that hand hygiene protocols and surface disinfection procedures are essential in minimising the potential for this cross contamination.

However, what about the hospital curtain?  What procedures are there to minimise its potential for contamination? If a health care worker touches a contaminated surface and picks up the contamination, then touches a hospital curtain, they have the potential to contaminate the hospital curtain.  With some hospital curtains remaining in-situ for anywhere between one day to six months, these hospital curtains have the potential to become sources of transmission of infections for anyone who comes into contact with them.

Until now there was not much that you could do about this.  However Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have changed this! By being tested and proven to kill spores, bacteria and fungi, Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains offer an effective barrier to pathogens and help hospitals maintain their hand and surface hygiene protocols – by minimising the potential for the hospital curtain to become a source of infection!

  1. Weber, David J; Rutala, William A; Miller, Melissa; Huslage, Kirk; Bennet-Sickbert, Emily “Role of hospital surfaces in the transmission of emerging health care-associated pathogens: Norovirus, Clostridium difficile, and Acinetobacter species” Am J Infect Control (2010) 38 S25-33
  2. Barker, J; Vipond, IB; Bloomfield, SF “Effects of cleaning and disinfection in reducing the spread of norovirus contamination via environmental surfaces” Journal of Hospital Infection (2004) 58:42-44
  3. Von Rheinbaben, F; Schunemann, S; Gross, T; Wolff, MH “Transmission of viruses via contact in a household setting: experiments using bacteriophage strain phiX!!74 as a model virus” Journal of Hospital Infection (2000) 46:61-66
  4. Kramer, Axel; Schwebke, Ingeborg and Kampf, Günter “How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces? A systematic review” BMC Infectious Diseases (2006), 6:130

How quickly do Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains start working?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains are ready to work as soon as you take them out of the box and have been independently tested and shown to kill pathogens in seconds.

To find out more information about the testing that Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been through, please click here.

Are Endurocide® Hospital Curtains fire retardant?

Yes, both Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains and Endurocide® Untreated Disposable Curtains meet the following International Fire Retardant Standards:

  • NFPA 701 (USA & Canada)
  • BS 5876 part 2 Type C 2008 (UK & Europe)
  • AS 2755.2 1985 (Australian & New Zealand)

For copies of the certificates, please contact us.

 

Are Endurocide® Hospital Curtains made from environmentally friendly materials?

All our Endurocide® Curtains are made from 100% polypropylene which has a very low environmental impact when compared with other types of synthetic or traditional materials.

In addition, the liquid used to impregnate our Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains is water-based.

Why were Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains created?

Recent studies have shown that traditional hospital “curtains are rapidly contaminated with potentially pathogenic bacteria” and “curtains are a potentially important site of bacterial contamination in hospitals”1.

On top of this, further studies show that pathogens such as MRSA, VRE and C.difficile spores are capable of surviving on surfaces for weeks, meaning that hospital workers can touch these contaminated surfaces and then transmit these pathogens onto patients2.

Similarly, if a patient is infected, a healthcare worker who touches the patient could possibly transmit this infection to an object/surface, such as a hospital curtain. If this happens, this object now has the potential to contaminate anyone who comes in contact with the surface. All of this means that traditional Hospital Curtains are a potential source for the spread of healthcare-associated pathogens3.

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains were specifically created to help hospitals reduce the potential for this pathogenic transmission to occur from Hospital Curtains and they are therefore effective against the top pathogen groups commonly found in hospitals worldwide:

  • Spores
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi

 

Sources:

  1. Ohl, Michael; Schweizer, Marin; Graham, Maggie; Heilmann, Kristopher; Boyken, Linda; Diejema, Daniel “Hospital privacy curtains are frequently and rapidly contaminated with potentially pathogenic bacteria” American Journal of Infection Control (2012)

  2. Boyce, John M “Environmental contamination makes an important contribution to hospital infection” Journal of Hospital Infection (2007) 65(S2) 50-54

  3. Trillis III, Floyd; Eckstein, Elizabeth C; Budavich, Rachel; Pultz, Michael J; Donskey, Curtis J “Contamination of Hospital Curtains with Healthcare-Associated Pathogens” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (November 2008) Vol. 29, No.11

How do Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains work?

At the curtain manufacturing stage, the polypropylene curtain fabric is impregnated with a combination of our unique, patent-pending Endurocide® Sporicidal Curtain liquid and a flame retardant chemical.

The Endurocide® Spororidal Curtain liquid coats the fabric with a biostatic polymer layer. If pathogens come into contact with the fabric, the Endurocide® Sporicidal layer instantly starts working by trapping the pathogens on the fabric and preventing them from multiplying and being re-transmitted.

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains kill spores by piercing through their spore coats and cortex and then causing lethal DNA damage to the spore.

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains kill bacteria by first preventing their respiration, then disrupting their cell metabolism and then inhibiting the cell from reproducing.

How do you know your curtain is working correctly?

We have found that there are numerous products on the market that claim to be antimicrobial, but do not define what this means and what exactly the product is capable of doing.

When comparing products, it is very important to understand how an antimicrobial hospital curtain works and how its effectiveness is tested and verified. It is also important to understand that there are different ways that an antimicrobial curtain can work, eg:

  • Does the curtain simply trap the bacteria on the fabric?
  • Does it actually kill the bacteria?
  • Does it do both?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains are independently tested and shown to not only trap the pathogens on the fabric, but to also kill them, meaning that the curtains are sporistatic, bacteriostatic, sporicidal and bactericidal.:

Sporistatic & Bacteriostatic

These terms refer to whether a curtain is capable of inhibiting the growth and reproduction of spores and bacteria. As our Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been independently tested and shown to be both Sporistatic and Baceteriostatic, our curtains will trap any spores and bacteria that come into contact with the curtain and prevent these pathogens from escaping and being re-transmitted to another surface.

The International Standards to demonstrate that a fabric is Sporistatic and Bacteriostatic are AATCC 147 & GC 147. These tests are qualitative tests, in that they evaluate the fabric’s antimicrobiality.

Sporicidal & Bactericidal

This means that the curtain is capable of actually killing the spores and the bacteria on the surface of the curtain, preventing them from multiplying and becoming a source of transmission.

The International Standards to demonstrate that a fabric is Sporicidal and Bactericidal are AATCC 100 and JIS Z 2801. These tests are quantitative tests, in that the number/reduction of bacteria on the curtain is counted.

Although we refer to the Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains as being primarily Sporicidal & Antimicrobial, it is important to understand that in order for the curtain to be truly effective, it must have been tested and shown to be both Sporistatic & Bacteriostatic as well as being Sporicidal & Bactericidal.

As far as we are aware, patent-pending Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains are the only curtains available on the market that can claim this!

Where should you use Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains?

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been designed to be used wherever Infection Control & Infection Prevention is of paramount concern.

We would recommend that Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains should be used in, amongst others, Intensive Care Wards, High Dependency Units, Isolation Wards, Burn Units, Cardiology Wards, General Surgery Wards, Maternity Wards, Neonatal Wards and Orthopaedic Wards.

Please refer to the table below for more information:

Ward / Department

Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Curtains

Endurocide® Untreated Curtains

Intensive care units

 

High dependency units

 

Infection disease units

 

Burns units

 

Cardiology wards

 

Oncology wards

 

Operation suites

 

General surgery wards

 

Maternity & neonatal wards

 

Renal units

 

Gynaecology

 

Obstetrics

 

Isolation wards

Accident and Emergency

General wards

Day wards

General practice wards

Occupational therapy

Physiotherapy

Rheumatology

 

 

 

How have Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains been tested?

Endurocide® Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been independently tested to the following tests:

Sporostatic & Bacteriostatic

The International Standards to demonstrate that a fabric is Sporistatic and Bacteriostatic are AATCC 147 and GC 147. These tests are qualitative tests, in that they evaluate the fabric’s antimicrobiality.

Sporicidal & Bactericidal

The International Standards to demonstrate that a fabric is Sporicidal and Bactericidal are AATCC 100 and JIS Z 2801. These tests are quantitative tests, in that the number/reduction of bacteria on the curtain is counted.

In addition to these tests, Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been peer-review tested against traditional Cotton Curtains in a busy ER ward.

To find out more information about the testing that Endurocide® Antimicrobial & Sporicidal Hospital Curtains have been through, please click contact us.